Sainte  Énimie

The small city is a must-see for those who want to discover it's heritage or enjoy a canoe ride. In the 6th century, Énimie - a merovingian princess, sister of King Dagobert - was cured from leprosy when she drank water from the Burle in this small Gorges du Tarn village. This is the legend of Saint-Énimie as recorded in the 8th century by troubadour Bertrand de Marseille. The Saint attracted many pilgrims, and in turn pilgrimages helped develop the medieval city. Sainte-Énimie is one of the prettiest villages in France, as evidenced by a walk from the quays to the abbey via small streets. 

Sainte-Enimie is a French town and former municipality located in the Lozère department in the Occitanie region. The inhabitants are called Santrimiols. It is close to the Gorges du Tarn. Sainte-Enimie is counted among the most beautiful places in France, due to some characteristic streets.

In episode Forbidden fruit

  Climbing through an underground corridor, he comes from a well in the village. The contact with the villagers is difficult. They seem enchanted, except one. Tell tries to unravel the secret

         

  

L'eglise Notre-Dame-du-Gourg

In the church, which you see in the background, other scenes from this episode are also included. You can see the inside of the church when you scroll down a bit.

                                                                1988                                                                         2005 made by S. Barthemely                                                                     

    

 

Place du Presbytère in Sainte-Énimie

(4 on the map) The square near the church.

I think most scenes have been recorded on this square. The square is filmed from many angles

                1988                                                                                                                 2019

    

The door of glass is covered, you can see it below 

    

   

                                        Walking to the south side of the square                             The shot left is 90 degrees turned to the right of this square. The same stairs.

    

                                                      Walking away from the square to the west, to the church

         

 

1988                                   Looking to the east side of the square                                    2016                       

    

 

Looking to the west side of the square

 

The episodes starts at this square and ends here

         

   

The well on the square

                                     1988 The well is not real                                                                                                    2015                                                     

     

Below the opposite of the square

Look at the Carlines on the door behind Tell. I have never seen so many at one door

         

 

1988                     Leaving the sqaure at the north east side                             2016

     

                                                                            

                            

            1988                          Looking to the west side of the square                   2015                 

         

 

2005, the other side of the square. Photo by S. Barthelemy

    

                                                                                                                                    Tell and O' Grady are standing on the left corner

     

   

 

The balcony

1988                                                                          2015

    

The covered balcony can be seen through an alley of the north side of the square  

         

 

The door and it's Carline

30 years later...... probably a different flower but the same spot and same door!

       

 

Corridor on rue de la Privadenche   

O 'Grady has disappeared. Tell is looking for him

     

 

They needed to cover the electricity cable

    

Seen from the other side, 2019

    

 

Rue de la Privadenche

In this narrow street, a half-timbered house from the late Middle Ages. A house with mullioned windows. A renaissance door. Vaulted passage.

    

          1988                                  'Rue de la Privadenche,' behind the huge door is a gite nowadays                          2015

         

 

1988             Tell comes up the stairs halfway this street. The stairs have a railing nowadays          2015

    

This is also the place where O'grady discovers Tell is not one of the spelled 'smilers.'

This door behind O'grady is in the same street and in opposite of the stairs Tell enters the street)

Two scenes:

1 Tell meets O'Grady

2 Tell looking for O'Grady

    

 

I don't have a picture of the door unfortunately, but it's the same spot                                        On the left side                 

     

Opinions vary as to the origin of the name of this street. Some say it means Privat Street. Privat was a family that lived there during the 18th century and other claim that the long street had a sanitary function. 'Private' means also in medieval Latin lavatory.

 The blackened surfaces and the beams and woodwork of the remarkable half-timbered house are marks left either by fire or by the smoking out technique, a practive aimed at curbing the spread of epidemics (cholera, plaque). St. Enimie was miraculously spared from the black plaque that wreaked havoc in the province from 1721-1723

On the door of this house you can see three acanthus leaves thistles, also called carlines or cardabells. This flower, now a protected species, is thought to act as  a barometer and to ward off evil spirits. This plant is symbolic to the limestone region.

 

Shots of both sides of this street at 2019

    

Also two of the same shots as above. But then in opposite of this street. At the end of the street you can see a different door.

          Tell meets O'Grady                                      (Zoomed out). Tell looking for O' grady, 1988                 Shot from half way the street.

        

   

         

The alley

(which is attached, south, to rue de la Privadenche)

 

The church of Sainte Enimie

Inside the building you can also admire wood and stone sculptures dating from the 12th and 15th centuries. Listed as a historic monument, it reveals an interesting Romanesque style.

        

       

 

1988                                                                                               2017

      

 

1988                                                                                                       2017

   

 

                  Tell enters the spelled world                                                          Mona                                                  The church in opposite

        

         

 

Below a photo from the other side of the church

      

    1988                                                                                                                       2016                

    

  

Strange that the statue is covered

  

         

 

The monastere of Sainte Enimie

Salle Capitulaire

First I thought these shots were also in the church, but the background is different. It's Salle Capitulaire in the monastery of Sainte Enimie.

    

    

Look at the orange stripes on top of the window, they are still there

    

 

The other side of the Salle Capitulaire, you hardly see. This side has a larger window.

    

 

   

Prison 'O Grady

Probably in the monastere of St. Enimie or an ancient house.

    

 

                                                          It can be the same, I'm not sure                                      You can see an ornament in the wall, haven't seen that in town                   

    

 

Photos of the monastery

Of the old abbey, the fortified monastery of the Benedictines, only three rooms remain today: the entrance, the crypt and the chapter house. Founded in the 6th century, it is classified as a historic monument.

The following four photos are shots from the monastery. I haven't found the exact place, but it won't be far.

            

    

    

  

Screenshots of places in Sainte Enimie we haven't discovered yet

I have no photos of these Crossbow shots. I was so absorbed in the history and beauty of the village that I sometimes forgot to pay attention to the locations. If people have recent photos of the shot below  and like to share them, please mail them. (It's about the six photos below and the prison).

The photo below: I now have discovered the street

    

 

This shot of the door seems very light while the prison scene is very dark. The left photo can be only a short shot.

Is this place the prison cell? They don't film around the room, that probably says enough ... Crossbow is often divided into several locations.

    

 Perhaps the place below can be the location you can see above. It can be in the monastery as well. There aren't that many pictures of it.

 

Right photo: I haven't discovered where Tell enters this door. It can be the same place of O' Grady's prison cell. Difficult angle (shot), hard to recognize.

    

I think this can be the place (William enters the door) in opposite...

 

This place doesn't look familiar to me either.

    

 

The scene of the sheets

The street below was covered with white sheets

 

1988                                                                                        2019

I think it's beside the pilars of the monastere in the back of the town. I do not have the same photo. Behind Tell you can see the house in the back. Above a larger photo.

    

     

                        

                                                 1988                                                                                                           2019    

    

    

 

Extra photos of the village of Sainte Enimie

You will come across old houses, a corn exchange, a church (host to wooden statues from the period between 12th and 16th centuries), ramparts and arches... The walk is charming and along the way you could even come across historical reconstruction showing two armed soldiers in action or a maid hard at work. Do not miss the view from the hermitage and make sure to walk to the Burle’s spring, which is one of the most beautiful Vaucluse wells in France.  

Sports enthusiasts can canoe down the Tarn river to the Malène and further. If you are looking for a fresh water swim, Saint-Chély-du-Tarn’s beach awaits you a few kilometers downstream (at the foot of the bridge, once you have crossed it).

     

Sainte-Enimie is a former commune in the Lozère department in southern France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Gorges du Tarn Causses. It was founded in the 7th century by Énimie, who started a convent there after being cured of leprosy in the surrounding waters. It was the site of several monasteries, some of which still remain. Located in the Gorges du Tarn, it is a member of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France association.

    

History

The town is named after Énimie, who, according to a 13th-century poem by Bertran Carbonel troubadour of Marseille, was a daughter of the Merovingian king Clothar II. When she reached marriageable age, she did not want to marry, preferring to care for lepers instead. According to Bertran, she asked God to help her avoid marriage; she was then infected with leprosy. Her father wished for her to be cured and had her taken to be bathed in the waters of Gévaudan, to no avail. An attempt at Bagnols-les-Bains was equally unsuccessful, but a river in Burlats near the Tarn miraculously cured her disease. However, when she returned home to marry her noble suitor, she was once again infected with leprosy and returned to Burlats, where she was cured once more. This process was repeated a third time, after which it was decided that she must remain in that area. She briefly lived in a cave before starting a convent and becoming a nun and eventually died there. When her brother Dagobert I came to look for relics buried with her to decorate his Basilica of Saint-Denis, the nuns tricked him, and he ended up finding the relics of Énimie's niece instead.

Two monasteries, one male and one female, were built in the area but destroyed by invasions. Stephen, Bishop of Mende, requested that a Benedictine monastery be built there, and it was completed in 951. It became a popular pilgrimage destination due to the miraculous story surrounding its founding. During the French Revolution in 1798, the monastery was destroyed and the town renamed "Puy Roc"; however, this lasted only a short time.  In 1905, a road was built along the Tarn, giving the village greater commercial exposure. Starting in the 1950s, tourism became a major part of Sainte-Enimie's economy. It was recently connected more closely to the rest of France with the construction of the A75 autoroute.

 

Geography

Sainte-Enimie is located in the Gorges du Tarn in the Lozère department of southern France. It has an area of 87.3 square kilometres (33.7 sq mi). The village is close to other Gévaudan towns including Ispagnac, Chanac, and Quézac, and is 78 kilometres (48 mi) away from Millau.

Sainte-Enimie is a popular tourist destination. All that remains of the original 10th-century abbey, which was mostly destroyed in the French Revolution, is a chapter house and chapel. Other popular sites include the Ecomusée du Vieux Logis, a Romanesque church from the 14th century, and the Chapel of Saint Madeleine, which also dates back to the 14th century.Saint-Enimie is located near the Cévennes National Park, 22 kilometres (14 mi) away from the Aven Armand cave.

 

L'ermitage Sainte -Enimie

         

Hermit in Gevaudan 

    

Enimie ended his days around 628 in a hermitage overlooking the village - which bears his name - and the valley of Tarn

According to the legend, written in the thirteenth century, in the langue d'oc, by Bertran de Marseille (named after the ancient locality of Causse Mejean), it would be the sister of King Dagobert (629-639); Daughter of Clotaire II, she gave up the easy life that was hers at court to escape the marriage they wanted to impose. She prayed to God to take away all her attractions and became leprous. She later found health by bathing in the fountain of Burle near the Hermitage, cave in which she decided to settle. From there, she would have answered many miracles and fought against the Drac (kind of devil in Pays d'Oc).

Later, she founded the monastery of "Burlen", at the origin of the Bourg de Sainte-Enimie, with the help of Bishop Hilaire. The Benedictine priory, was founded after his death in 951 by the Abbey of Sainte-Chaffre (Monastier-Saint-Chaffre) to overcome the decadence Church Sainte-Marie where the body of Sainte-Enimie. The remains of the saint were revealed by God to a monk of the priory named John. It was then that the beautiful legend was written at the beginning of the thirteenth century. The princess's relics were kept at the Hermitage until 1970, when they were stolen.  

Enimie is the object of an immemorial cult in the diocese. The tradition speaks of holy 'Eremio' (the Holy Hermit). His relics attracted pilgrims to the Gorges du Tarn ... In the diocese, the parishes of Bagnols-les-Bains, Champerboux and Sainte Enimie have her as patroness. This last locality changed its name from Burlatis (well-Roc during the revolution) to that of Sainte Enimie. The cult stays there A pilgrimage takes place every year at the Hermitage, to celebrate the patron saint of the village (first Sunday of October).

The chapel-cave of the Hermitage, whose interior is visible thanks to a grid laid by volunteers, is always frequented by the faithful who attribute a virtue to the water of the source of Burle. The tradition that "Enimie the leper, would have been cured by the waters of the Burle", still survives

P.S: After the death of Enimie, his brother Dagobert, become king, goes in search of relics of his sister. Arrived on the banks of the Tarn to come on the tomb of his sister, he asks the nuns of the monastery where it is located. They refuse to tell him, not wanting to lose their lady. Dagobert finally discovers the tomb but hesitates between the two coffins. In fact, in order to protect himself, Enimie had not put any name on his own, and that of Enimie on that of his goddaughter. These are the relics of a Santrimiole that rest with the kings of France in the basilica of Saint-Denis. Source of this last story.

 

The source Burle in St. Enimie

Diving in the Burle

    

 

The alley next to the Notre-Dame-du-Gourg church

     

Extra photos of the church

       

Ancient sundial                                                                                                          

    

 

             Half-timbered house                                      Bell tower of the Notre-Dame-du-Gourg church              

    

 

Old Benedictine monastery and facades of the the village

    

         

             

 

The west side of the town.

         

 

Battlements of the former abbey in Sainte- Enimie

     

 

Patrick made these three photos by cellphone, May 2019